Disinfection: Its Need and Advantages

What is disinfection

Disinfection is the process of reduction in the number of viruses, fungi or bacteria to the required concentration. Sometimes sterilization or the complete eradication of all microorganisms is not possible in most cases, or not required every time. Basically, disinfection is the procedure to dilute the impact of the bacteria or virus. Also, there is a wide range of disinfection available in the market that has different applications.

The process of disinfection can be carried out either by adding an external agent to kill off the harmful microorganisms or remove them by using a membrane. The effectiveness of disinfection depends on how toxic they are against microorganisms and at the same time are distinctly lower on toxicity for animals and humans.

Where disinfection is needed

Disinfection has a wide application and can be used in numerous industrial sectors. Some of the prominent sectors are, drinking water treatment, decontamination of swimming pools, (purified) water treatment in water, water disinfection in a truck or car wash, water treatment in cooling scrubbers and towers. The usages of disinfection are quite wide in cosmetic sectors, the pharmaceutical industry, and hospitals too.

Advantages of disinfectants

Disinfection comes in various forms as per the requirement of the treatment, here are the property based advantages of different kinds of disinfectants.

  • Alcohol: Effective tuberculocidal agents, time to kill - in seconds, pleasant odour, effective tub, easily obtainable and used, highly effective bactericides, evaporation without residue formation, non-allergenic, inexpensive, non-staining, non-irritating and generally non-toxic.

  • Chlorine compound: Deodorizing/sanitizing properties, insignificant residues, low levels of toxicity and irritancy, low cost, has a wide spectrum of rapid biocidal properties,

  • Formaldehyde: Readily available, stable when properly stored, the wide spectrum of biocidal properties, active in the presence of organic matter, can be rapidly neutralized and registered as a disinfectant by EPA.

  • Glutaraldehyde: Low volatility (vapour pressure like water), non-flammable, relatively rapid disinfecting action - 10 minutes, comparability with metal, rubber, and plastic materials, EPA registered as a sporicide and disinfectant.

If you are not sure of which disinfectant will work best for you, you can simply hire a professional like Germ Radar to raiding allergens and germs that cause infectious viruses and diseases

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